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Accounting principles for the parent company accounts

The financial statements of Sponda Plc have been prepared in accordance with the provisions of the Finnish Accounting Act, the Finnish Companies Act and the Finnish Securities Market Act.

Measurement and timing principles

Contractual improvements

Costs arising from renovation work for individual tenants are entered as an annual expense or capitalized to other long-term expenditure of the landlord, Sponda Plc. Repair costs and tenant improvements are capitalized over the duration of the lease when they generate income in several accounting periods. For open-ended leases, costs are capitalized over the period until the date that is defined in the lease agreement as the first possible termination date.

Fixed assets and straight-line depreciation

Fixed assets are valued at cost less straight-line depreciation. Straight-line depreciation on machinery and equipment and on buildings and building materials is calculated using the declining balance method. Renovation costs related to tenant improvements and capitalized to other long-term expenditure are depreciated over the lease period.

Other machinery and equipment

3 – 10 years  

Other long-term expenditure

1 – 31 years

In addition to capitalized tenant improvements, other long-term expenditure includes computer software and renovation of the business premises occupied by Sponda Plc itself.

Investments

Property investments are shares in subsidiaries and associated companies, loans granted to Group companies and associated companies, investments in real estate funds and other investments. Investments are valued at cost in the parent company’s balance sheet. Permanent writedowns are deducted from cost.

Research and development costs

The company has no research activities. Building project costs equivalent to R&D costs are capitalized when the technical implementation of the project is completed and the project can be considered to generate income over a period of several years. Otherwise research and development costs are entered as an expense.

Financial assets, liabilities and derivative contracts

Financial assets and non-interest bearing debt are recognized at cost. Interest-bearing debt is measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method. Interest rate swap contracts made to hedge the risk exposure associated with long-term loans are not entered in the balance sheet but instead are listed in the notes to the financial statements. Interest arising from these contracts is recognized in the income statement as it is incurred.

As an exception to the above, the derivatives implemented to hedge against the exchange rate risk and interest rate risk of the SEK denominated loans are valued at fair value according to Section 5, Chapter 2a of the Finnish Accounting Act. The change in fair value is recorded as an income or expense in the income statement. The fair value represents the result if the derivative position had been closed on the balance sheet date. External valuations are used for valuation.

Extraordinary income and expenses

Extraordinary income and expenses consist of group contributions.

Income tax

Income tax includes tax in the period and adjustments to taxes for previous periods. The current tax expense is based on taxes calculated on the result for the period and tax rules. No deferred tax liabilities or credit are entered in the parent company balance sheet.

Foreign currency denominated items

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recognized at the exchange rate on the transaction date. Balance sheet items in foreign currency outstanding on the closing date are valued at the exchange rate on the closing date.

Other principles

The Group has arranged statutory pension insurance for its personnel with a pension insurance company. The pension costs are entered as an expense in proportion to salaries.

Fees arising from leasing assignments are recognized over the duration of the leasing contract.

Interest payable during construction projects in progress are entered as an expense.

The Group has no significant finance leases.